Google Announces Second Quarter 2009 Results

Download PDF version Download PDF version [51k]

MOUNTAIN VIEW, Calif. - July 16, 2009 - Google Inc. (NASDAQ: GOOG) today announced financial results for the quarter ended June 30, 2009.

"Google had a very good quarter, especially given the continued macro-economic downturn. While most of the world's largest economies shrank, Google's year-over-year revenues were up 3%. These results highlight the enduring strength of our business model and our responsible efforts to manage expenses in a way that puts us in a good position for the economic upturn, when it occurs," said Eric Schmidt, CEO of Google. "We remain focused on investing in technical innovation to drive growth in our core and new businesses."

Q2 Financial Summary

Google reported revenues of $5.52 billion for the quarter ended June 30, 2009, an increase of 3% compared to the second quarter of 2008. Google reports its revenues, consistent with GAAP, on a gross basis without deducting traffic acquisition costs (TAC). In the second quarter of 2009, TAC totaled $1.45 billion, or 27% of advertising revenues.

Google reports operating income, operating margin, net income, and earnings per share (EPS) on a GAAP and non-GAAP basis. The non-GAAP measures, as well as free cash flow, an alternative non-GAAP measure of liquidity, are described below and are reconciled to the corresponding GAAP measures in the accompanying financial tables.

  • GAAP operating income for the second quarter of 2009 was $1.87 billion, or 34% of revenues. This compares to GAAP operating income of $1.58 billion, or 29% of revenues, in the second quarter of 2008. Non-GAAP operating income in the second quarter of 2009 was $2.17 billion, or 39% of revenues. This compares to non-GAAP operating income of $1.85 billion, or 34% of revenues, in the second quarter of 2008.
  • GAAP net income for the second quarter of 2009 was $1.48 billion as compared to $1.25 billion in the second quarter of 2008. Non-GAAP net income in the second quarter of 2009 was $1.71 billion, compared to $1.47 billion in the second quarter of 2008.
  • GAAP EPS for the second quarter of 2009 was $4.66 on 319 million diluted shares outstanding, compared to $3.92 for the second quarter of 2008 on 318 million diluted shares outstanding. Non-GAAP EPS in the second quarter of 2009 was $5.36, compared to $4.63 in the second quarter of 2008.
  • Non-GAAP operating income and non-GAAP operating margin exclude the expenses related to stock-based compensation (SBC). Non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS exclude the expenses related to SBC and the related tax benefits. In the second quarter of 2009, the charge related to SBC was $293 million as compared to $273 million in the second quarter of 2008. The tax benefit related to SBC was $69 million in the second quarter of 2009 and $48 million in the second quarter of 2008. Reconciliations of non-GAAP measures to GAAP operating income, operating margin, net income, and EPS are included at the end of this release.

Q2 Financial Highlights

Revenues – Google reported revenues of $5.52 billion in the second quarter of 2009, representing a 3% increase over second quarter 2008 revenues of $5.37 billion. Google reports its revenues, consistent with GAAP, on a gross basis without deducting TAC.

Google Sites Revenues – Google-owned sites generated revenues of $3.65 billion, or 66% of total revenues, in the second quarter of 2009. This represents a 3% increase over second quarter 2008 revenues of $3.53 billion.

Google Network Revenues – Google’s partner sites generated revenues, through AdSense programs, of $1.68 billion, or 31% of total revenues, in the second quarter of 2009. This represents a 2% increase from second quarter 2008 network revenues of $1.66 billion.

International Revenues – Revenues from outside of the United States totaled $2.91 billion, representing 53% of total revenues in the second quarter of 2009, compared to 52% in the first quarter of 2009 and second quarter of 2008. Excluding gains related to our foreign exchange risk management program, had foreign exchange rates remained constant from the first quarter of 2009 through the second quarter of 2009, our revenues in the second quarter of 2009 would have been $44 million lower. Excluding gains related to our foreign exchange risk management program, had foreign exchange rates remained constant from the second quarter of 2008 through the second quarter of 2009, our revenues in the second quarter of 2009 would have been $497 million higher.

Revenues from the United Kingdom totaled $715 million, representing 13% of revenues in the second quarter of 2009, compared to 14% in the second quarter of 2008.

In the second quarter of 2009, we recognized a benefit of $124 million to revenues through our foreign exchange risk management program.

Paid Clicks – Aggregate paid clicks, which include clicks related to ads served on Google sites and the sites of our AdSense partners, increased approximately 15% over the second quarter of 2008 and decreased approximately 2% over the first quarter of 2009.

Cost-Per-Click – Average cost-per-click, which includes clicks related to ads served on Google sites and the sites of our AdSense partners, decreased approximately 13% over the second quarter of 2008 and increased approximately 5% over the first quarter of 2009.

TAC - Traffic Acquisition Costs, the portion of revenues shared with Google’s partners, decreased to $1.45 billion in the second quarter of 2009, compared to TAC of $1.47 billion in the second quarter of 2008. TAC as a percentage of advertising revenues was 27% in the second quarter of 2009, compared to 28% in the second quarter of 2008.

The majority of TAC is related to amounts ultimately paid to our AdSense partners, which totaled $1.24 billion in the second quarter of 2009. TAC also includes amounts ultimately paid to certain distribution partners and others who direct traffic to our website, which totaled $218 million in the second quarter of 2009.

Other Cost of Revenues – Other cost of revenues, which is comprised primarily of data center operational expenses, amortization of intangible assets, content acquisition costs as well as credit card processing charges, decreased to $655 million, or 12% of revenues, in the second quarter of 2009, compared to $674 million, or 13% of revenues, in the second quarter of 2008.

Operating Expenses – Operating expenses, other than cost of revenues, were $1.54 billion in the second quarter of 2009, or 28% of revenues, compared to $1.64 billion in the second quarter of 2008, or 31% of revenues.

Stock-Based Compensation (SBC) – In the second quarter of 2009, the total charge related to SBC was $293 million as compared to $273 million in the second quarter of 2008.

We currently estimate SBC charges for grants to employees prior to July 1, 2009 to be approximately $1.1 billion for 2009. This estimate does not include expenses to be recognized related to employee stock awards that are granted after June 30, 2009 or non-employee stock awards that have been or may be granted.

Operating Income – GAAP operating income in the second quarter of 2009 was $1.87 billion, or 34% of revenues. This compares to GAAP operating income of $1.58 billion, or 29% of revenues, in the second quarter of 2008. Non-GAAP operating income in the second quarter of 2009 was $2.17 billion, or 39% of revenues. This compares to non-GAAP operating income of $1.85 billion, or 34% of revenues, in the second quarter of 2008.

Interest and Other Income (Expense), Net - Interest and other income (expense), net decreased to an expense of $18 million in the second quarter of 2009, compared to an income of $58 million in the second quarter of 2008.

Income Taxes - Our effective tax rate was 20% for the second quarter of 2009.

Net Income - GAAP net income for the second quarter of 2009 was $1.48 billion as compared to $1.25 billion in the second quarter of 2008.  Non-GAAP net income was $1.71 billion in the second quarter of 2009, compared to $1.47 billion in the second quarter of 2008.  GAAP EPS for the second quarter of 2009 was $4.66 on 319 million diluted shares outstanding, compared to $3.92 for the second quarter of 2008, on 318 million diluted shares outstanding.  Non-GAAP EPS for the second quarter of 2009 was $5.36, compared to $4.63 in the second quarter of 2008. 
 
Cash Flow and Capital Expenditures - Net cash provided by operating activities for the second quarter of 2009 totaled $1.61 billion as compared to $1.77 billion for the second quarter of 2008.  In the second quarter of 2009, capital expenditures were $139 million, the majority of which was related to IT infrastructure investments, including data centers, servers, and networking equipment.  Free cash flow, an alternative non-GAAP measure of liquidity, is defined as net cash provided by operating activities less capital expenditures.  In the second quarter of 2009, free cash flow was $1.47 billion. 
 
We expect to continue to make significant capital expenditures.
 
A reconciliation of free cash flow to net cash provided by operating activities, the GAAP measure of liquidity, is included at the end of this release. 
 
Cash - As of June 30, 2009, cash, cash equivalents, and short-term marketable securities were $19.3 billion. 

On a worldwide basis, Google employed 19,786 full-time employees as of June 30, 2009, down from 20,164 full-time employees as of March 31, 2009.

WEBCAST AND CONFERENCE CALL INFORMATION

A live audio webcast of Google's second quarter 2009 earnings release call will be available at http://investor.google.com/webcast.html.  The call begins today at 1:30 PM (PT) / 4:30 PM (ET).  This press release, the financial tables, as well as other supplemental information including the reconciliations of certain non-GAAP measures to their nearest comparable GAAP measures, are also available on that site.  

Following the earnings conference call, Google will host an additional question-and-answer session to provide an opportunity for financial analysts to ask more detailed product and financial questions. This follow-up call will begin today at 3:00 PM (PT) / 6:00 PM (ET) and also be webcast and available at http://investor.google.com/webcast.html

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This press release contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties.  These statements include statements regarding our expected stock-based compensation charges and our plans to invest in our core and new businesses and make significant capital expenditures.  Actual results may differ materially from the results predicted and reported results should not be considered as an indication of future performance.  The potential risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ from the results predicted include, among others, unforeseen changes in our hiring patterns and our need to expend capital to accommodate the growth of the business, as well as those risks and uncertainties included under the captions "Risk Factors" and "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations," in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008, which is on file with the SEC and is available on our investor relations website at investor.google.com and on the SEC website at www.sec.gov.  Additional information will also be set forth in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2009, which we expect to file with the SEC in August 2009.  All information provided in this release and in the attachments is as of July 16, 2009 and Google undertakes no duty to update this information.  

ABOUT NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

To supplement our consolidated financial statements, which statements are prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP, we use the following non-GAAP financial measures: non-GAAP operating income, non-GAAP operating margin, non-GAAP net income, non-GAAP EPS and free cash flow. The presentation of this financial information is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for, or superior to, the financial information prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP. For more information on these non-GAAP financial measures, please see the tables captioned "Reconciliations of non-GAAP results of operations measures to the nearest comparable GAAP measures" and "Reconciliation from net cash provided by operating activities to free cash flow" included at the end of this release.

We use these non-GAAP financial measures for financial and operational decision making and as a means to evaluate period-to-period comparisons. Our management believes that these non-GAAP financial measures provide meaningful supplemental information regarding our performance and liquidity by excluding certain expenses and expenditures that may not be indicative of our "recurring core business operating results," meaning our operating performance excluding not only non-cash charges, such as stock-based compensation, but also discrete cash charges that are infrequent in nature. We believe that both management and investors benefit from referring to these non-GAAP financial measures in assessing our performance and when planning, forecasting and analyzing future periods. These non-GAAP financial measures also facilitate management's internal comparisons to our historical performance and liquidity as well as comparisons to our competitors' operating results. We believe these non-GAAP financial measures are useful to investors both because (1) they allow for greater transparency with respect to key metrics used by management in its financial and operational decision making and (2) they are used by our institutional investors and the analyst community to help them analyze the health of our business.  

Non-GAAP operating income and operating margin. We define non-GAAP operating income as operating income plus stock-based compensation. Non-GAAP operating margin is defined as non-GAAP operating income divided by revenues. Google considers these non-GAAP financial measures to be useful metrics for management and investors because they exclude the effect of stock-based compensation so that Google's management and investors can compare Google's recurring core business operating results over multiple periods. Because of varying available valuation methodologies, subjective assumptions and the variety of award types that companies can use under FAS 123R, Google's management believes that providing a non-GAAP financial measure that excludes stock-based compensation allows investors to make meaningful comparisons between Google's recurring core business operating results and those of other companies, as well as providing Google's management with an important tool for financial and operational decision making and for evaluating Google's own recurring core business operating results over different periods of time. There are a number of limitations related to the use of non-GAAP operating income versus operating income calculated in accordance with GAAP. First, non-GAAP operating income excludes some costs, namely, stock-based compensation, that are recurring. Stock-based compensation has been and will continue to be for the foreseeable future a significant recurring expense in Google's business. Second, stock-based compensation is an important part of our employees' compensation and impacts their performance. Third, the components of the costs that we exclude in our calculation of non-GAAP operating income may differ from the components that our peer companies exclude when they report their results of operations. Management compensates for these limitations by providing specific information regarding the GAAP amounts excluded from non-GAAP operating income and evaluating non-GAAP operating income together with operating income calculated in accordance with GAAP.

Non-GAAP net income and EPS. We define non-GAAP net income as net income plus stock-based compensation, less the related tax effects of such items. We define non-GAAP EPS as non-GAAP net income divided by the weighted average outstanding shares, on a fully-diluted basis. We consider these non-GAAP financial measures to be a useful metric for management and investors for the same reasons that Google uses non-GAAP operating income and non-GAAP operating margin. However, in order to provide a complete picture of our recurring core business operating results, we exclude from non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS the tax effects associated with stock-based compensation. Without excluding these tax effects, investors would only see the gross effect that excluding these expenses had on our operating results. The same limitations described above regarding Google's use of non-GAAP operating income and non-GAAP operating margin apply to our use of non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS. Management compensates for these limitations by providing specific information regarding the GAAP amounts excluded from non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS and evaluating non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS together with net income and EPS calculated in accordance with GAAP. 
    
Free cash flow. We define free cash flow as net cash provided by operating activities minus capital expenditures. We consider free cash flow to be a liquidity measure that provides useful information to management and investors about the amount of cash generated by the business that, after the acquisition of property and equipment, including information technology infrastructure and land and buildings, can be used for strategic opportunities, including investing in our business, making strategic acquisitions and strengthening the balance sheet. Analysis of free cash flow also facilitates management's comparisons of our operating results to competitors' operating results. A limitation of using free cash flow versus the GAAP measure of net cash provided by operating activities as a means for evaluating Google is that free cash flow does not represent the total increase or decrease in the cash balance from operations for the period because it excludes cash used for capital expenditures during the period. Our management compensates for this limitation by providing information about our capital expenditures on the face of the cash flow statement and under Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and Annual Report on Form 10-K. Google has computed free cash flow using the same consistent method from quarter to quarter and year to year. 
 
The accompanying tables have more details on the GAAP financial measures that are most directly comparable to non-GAAP financial measures and the related reconciliations between these financial measures.

Contacts:

Investor Contact:
Maria Shim
+1-650-253-7663
Media Contact:
Jane Penner
+1-650-214-1624

Back to top

 

Google Inc.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(In thousands)
         
    December 31,   June 30,
    2008*   2009
        (unaudited)
Assets        
 Current assets:        
  Cash and cash equivalents    $    8,656,672    $    11,911,351
  Marketable securities        7,189,099        7,432,655
  Accounts receivable, net of allowance        2,642,192   2,701,912
  Deferred income taxes, net        286,105   575,976
  Income taxes receivable, net   -   145,843
  Prepaid revenue share, expenses and other assets        1,404,114       1,067,116
         
  Total current assets       20,178,182       23,834,853
 Prepaid revenue share, expenses and other assets, non-current       433,846       406,136
 Deferred income taxes, net, non-current       -      124,647
 Non-marketable equity securities       85,160       93,925
 Property and equipment, net       5,233,843       5,005,900
 Intangible assets, net       996,690       856,386
 Goodwill       4,839,854       4,836,913
         
 Total assets    $    31,767,575    $    35,158,760
         
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity        
 Current liabilities:        
  Accounts payable    $    178,004    $    221,914
  Accrued compensation and benefits       811,643       589,862
  Accrued expenses and other current liabilities       480,263       411,226
  Accrued revenue share       532,547       550,199
  Deferred revenue       218,084       227,761
  Income taxes payable, net       81,549       -
         
  Total current liabilities       2,302,090       2,000,962
         
 Deferred revenue, non-current       29,818       31,675
 Income taxes payable, net, non-current       890,115       1,232,984
 Deferred income taxes, net, non-current       12,515       -
 Other long-term liabilities       294,175       298,283
         
 Stockholders' equity:        
  Common stock   315   316
  Additional paid-in capital       14,450,338       15,044,103
  Accumulated other comprehensive income       226,579       81,434
  Retained earnings       13,561,630       16,469,003
         
 Total stockholders' equity       28,238,862      31,594,856
         
 Total liabilities and stockholders' equity    $    31,767,575    $    35,158,760

* Derived from audited financial statements.

Back to top

 

Google Inc.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME

(In thousands, except per share amounts)
               
  Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended
  June 30,   June 30,
  2008   2009   2008   2009
  (unaudited)
Revenues  $   5,367,212    $    5,522,897    $    10,553,255    $    11,031,887
               
Costs and expenses:              
    Cost of revenues (including stock-based compensation expense of
  $9,363, $13,592, $18,511, $26,129)
   2,147,575       2,107,971       4,258,111      4,209,475
    Research and development (including stock-based compensation expense of
  $187,281, $182,209, $381,081, $350,770)
  682,210      707,626       1,355,279       1,349,269
    Sales and marketing (including stock-based compensation expense of
  $42,593, $57,294, $85,169, $116,320)
   484,552      469,039       931,450       902,980
    General and administrative (including stock-based compensation expense of
  $33,539, $39,975, $68,794, $77,334)
    474,910       364,367       884,215       812,678
               
Total costs and expenses     3,789,247       3,649,003       7,429,055       7,274,402
               
Income from operations     1,577,965       1,873,894      3,124,200       3,757,485
Interest and other income (expense), net    57,923       (17,718)       225,266       (11,508)
               
Income before income taxes     1,635,888       1,856,176      3,349,466     3,745,977
Provision for income taxes     388,497       371,631      794,989       838,604
               
Net income  $    1,247,391    $    1,484,545    $    2,554,477    $    2,907,373
               
Net income per share - basic  $    3.97    $    4.70    $    8.15    $    9.21
Net income per share - diluted  $    3.92    $    4.66    $    8.04    $    9.15
               
Shares used in per share calculation - basic     313,817       315,901       313,473       315,576
Shares used in per share calculation - diluted     318,023       318,536       317,708       317,878

Back to top

 

Google Inc.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(In thousands)
                 
   
Three Months Ended
June 30,

Six Months Ended
June 30,

   
2008
 
2009
 
2008
 
2009
   
(unaudited)
Operating activities                
Net income   $        1,247,391   $        1,484,545   $        2,554,477   $        2,907,373
Adjustments:      
    Depreciation and amortization of property and equipment   308,716   310,982   589,280   632,111
    Amortization of intangibles and other   82,891   65,975   138,851   148,068
    Stock-based compensation expense   272,776   293,070   553,555   570,553
    Excess tax benefits from stock-based award activities   (43,878)   (4,515)   (94,979)   (36,359)
    Deferred income taxes   (67,676)   (101,584)   (105,890)   (114,431)
    Other, net   20,245   (1,678)   (24,658)   (23,087)
    Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions:      
        Accounts receivable   (72,883)   (139,118)   (296,376)   (41,728)
        Income taxes, net   90,184   (388,271)   528,359   (63,518)
        Prepaid revenue share, expenses and other assets   (141,219)   10,338   (182,803)   87,795
        Accounts payable   (14,547)   19,936   39,237   41,815
        Accrued expenses and other liabilities   87,026   41,172   (147,251)   (281,167)
        Accrued revenue share   (6,326)   14,859   (16,450)   19,123
        Deferred revenue   3,454   3,461   10,248   12,136
         
Net cash provided by operating activities  
1,766,154
 
1,609,172
 
3,545,600
 
3,858,684
         
Investing activities        
Purchases of property and equipment   (697,517)   (139,437)   (1,539,114)   (402,192)
Purchases of marketable securities   (2,101,798)   (5,390,722)   (4,921,310)   (10,635,567)
Maturities and sales of marketable securities   2,037,331   5,325,719   7,416,559   10,435,309
Investments in non-marketable equity securities   (10,554)   (9,681)   (9,492)   (28,431)
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired, and purchases of intangible and other assets   (186,095)   (3,021)   (3,312,270)   (5,093)
         
Net cash used in investing activities  
(958,633)
 
(217,142)
 
(2,365,627)
 
(635,974)
         
Financing activities        
Net (payments) proceeds related to stock-based award activities   (301)   46,731   (22,746)   9,995
Excess tax benefits from stock-based award activities   43,878   4,515   94,979   36,359
         
Net cash provided by financing activities  
43,577
 
51,246
 
72,233
 
46,354
         
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents   (7,311)   41,784   29,737   (14,385)
       
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents   843,787   1,485,060   1,281,943   3,254,679
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period   6,519,749
  10,426,291
  6,081,593
  8,656,672
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period  
$     7,363,536
 
$    11,911,351
 
$     7,363,536
 
$     11,911,351

Back to top

 

Reconciliations of non-GAAP results of operations measures to the nearest comparable GAAP measures

The following table presents certain non-GAAP results before certain material items (in thousands, except per share amounts, unaudited):

  Three Months Ended June 30, 2008   Three Months Ended June 30, 2009
  GAAP Actual   Operating
Margin (a)
  Adjustments   Non-GAAP
Results
  Non-GAAP
Operating
Margin (b)
  GAAP Actual   Operating
Margin (a)
  Adjustments   Non-GAAP
Results
  Non-GAAP
Operating
Margin (b)
                                       
          272,776 (c)                 293,070 (d)      
                                       
                                       
Income from operations  $  1,577,965   29.4%    $    272,776    $  1,850,741   34.5%    $  1,873,894   33.9%    $    293,070    $  2,166,964   39.2%
                                       
                 272,776  (c)                          293,070  (d)       
                  (47,764)  (e)                          (69,400)  (e)       
                                       
Net income  $     1,247,391        $     225,012    $    1,472,403        $     1,484,545        $     223,670    $     1,708,215    
                                       
Net income per share - diluted  $           3.92            $          4.63        $           4.66            $           5.36    
Shares used in per share calculation - diluted        318,023                  318,023              318,536                  318,536    

(a) Operating margin is defined as income from operations divided by revenues.
(b) Non-GAAP operating margin is defined as non-GAAP income from operations divided by revenues.
(c) To eliminate $272.8 million of stock-based compensation expense recorded in the second quarter of 2008.
(d) To eliminate $293.1 million of stock-based compensation expense recorded in the second quarter of 2009.
(e) To eliminate income tax effects related to items noted in (c) and (d).

Back to top

 

Reconciliation from net cash provided by operating activities to free cash flow (in thousands, unaudited):

  Three Months Ended
June 30, 2009
Net cash provided by operating activities  $                1,609,172
   Less purchases of property and equipment             (139,437)
Free cash flow  $                1,469,735
   
Net cash used in investing activities*  $                 (217,142)
   
Net cash provided by financing activities  $                     51,246

*includes purchases of property and equipment

Back to top

 

The following table presents our revenues by revenue source (in thousands, unaudited):

  Three Months Ended Six Months Ended
  June 30,   June 30,
  2008   2009   2008   2009
Advertising revenues:              
    Google web sites  $ 3,530,145    $ 3,652,628    $ 6,930,550    $ 7,345,451
    Google Network web sites     1,655,280       1,683,500       3,341,421       3,321,542
Total advertising revenues     5,185,425       5,336,128      10,271,971       10,666,993
Licensing and other revenues 181,787   186,769   281,284   364,894
Revenues  $ 5,367,212    $ 5,522,897    $ 10,553,255    $ 11,031,887

The following table presents our revenues, by revenue source, as a percentage of total revenues (unaudited):

  Three Months Ended   Six Months Ended
  June 30,   June 30,
  2008   2009   2008   2009
Advertising revenues:              
    Google web sites 66%   66%   66%   67%
    Google Network web sites 31%   31%   31%   30%
Total advertising revenues 97%   97%   97%   97%
Licensing and other revenues 3%   3%   3%   3%
Revenues 100%   100%   100%   100%

Back to top