Google Announces First Quarter 2010 Financial Results

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MOUNTAIN VIEW, Calif. – April 15, 2010 - Google Inc. (NASDAQ: GOOG) today announced financial results for the quarter ended March 31, 2010.

“Google performed very well in the first quarter, with 23% year over year revenue growth driven by strength across all major verticals and geographies,” said Patrick Pichette, CFO of Google. “Going forward, we remain committed to heavy investment in innovation -- both to spur future growth in our core and emerging businesses as well as to help build the future of the open web.”

Q1 Financial Summary

Google reported revenues of $6.77 billion for the quarter ended March 31, 2010, an increase of 23% compared to the first quarter of 2009. Google reports its revenues, consistent with GAAP, on a gross basis without deducting traffic acquisition costs (TAC). In the first quarter of 2010, TAC totaled $1.71 billion, or 26% of advertising revenues.

Google reports operating income, operating margin, net income, and earnings per share (EPS) on a GAAP and non-GAAP basis. The non-GAAP measures, as well as free cash flow, an alternative non-GAAP measure of liquidity, are described below and are reconciled to the corresponding GAAP measures in the accompanying financial tables.

  • GAAP operating income in the first quarter of 2010 was $2.49 billion, or 37% of revenues. This compares to GAAP operating income of $1.88 billion, or 34% of revenues, in the first quarter of 2009. Non-GAAP operating income in the first quarter of 2010 was $2.78 billion, or 41% of revenues. This compares to non-GAAP operating income of $2.16 billion, or 39% of revenues, in the first quarter of 2009.
  • GAAP net income in the first quarter of 2010 was $1.96 billion, compared to $1.42 billion in the first quarter of 2009. Non-GAAP net income in the first quarter of 2010 was $2.18 billion, compared to $1.64 billion in the first quarter of 2009.
  • GAAP EPS in the first quarter of 2010 was $6.06 on 323 million diluted shares outstanding, compared to $4.49 in the first quarter of 2009 on 317 million diluted shares outstanding. Non-GAAP EPS in the first quarter of 2010 was $6.76, compared to $5.16 in the first quarter of 2009.
  • Non-GAAP operating income and non-GAAP operating margin exclude the expenses related to stock-based compensation (SBC). Non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS exclude the expenses related to SBC and the related tax benefits. In the first quarter of 2010, the charge related to SBC was $291 million, compared to $277 million in the first quarter of 2009. The tax benefit related to SBC was $65 million in the first quarter of 2010 and $64 million in the first quarter of 2009. Reconciliations of non-GAAP measures to GAAP operating income, operating margin, net income, and EPS are included at the end of this release.

Q1 Financial Highlights

Revenues – Google reported revenues of $6.77 billion in the first quarter of 2010, representing a 23% increase over first quarter 2009 revenues of $5.51 billion. Google reports its revenues, consistent with GAAP, on a gross basis without deducting TAC.

Google Sites Revenues - Google-owned sites generated revenues of $4.44 billion, or 66% of total revenues, in the first quarter of 2010. This represents a 20% increase over first quarter 2009 revenues of $3.69 billion.

Google Network Revenues - Google’s partner sites generated revenues, through AdSense programs, of $2.04 billion, or 30% of total revenues, in the first quarter of 2010. This represents a 24% increase from first quarter 2009 network revenues of $1.64 billion.

International Revenues - Revenues from outside of the United States totaled $3.58 billion, representing 53% of total revenues in the first quarter of 2010, compared to 53% in the fourth quarter of 2009 and 52% in the first quarter of 2009. Excluding gains related to our foreign exchange risk management program, had foreign exchange rates remained constant from the fourth quarter of 2009 through the first quarter of 2010, our revenues in the first quarter of 2010 would have been $112 million higher. Excluding gains related to our foreign exchange risk management program, had foreign exchange rates remained constant from the first quarter of 2009 through the first quarter of 2010, our revenues in the first quarter of 2010 would have been $242 million lower.

  • Revenues from the United Kingdom totaled $842 million, representing 13% of revenues in the first quarter of 2010, compared to 13% in the first quarter of 2009.
  • In the first quarter of 2010, we recognized a benefit of $10 million to revenues through our foreign exchange risk management program, compared to $154 million in the first quarter of 2009.

Paid Clicks – Aggregate paid clicks, which include clicks related to ads served on Google sites and the sites of our AdSense partners, increased approximately 15% over the first quarter of 2009 and increased approximately 5% over the fourth quarter of 2009.

Cost-Per-Click – Average cost-per-click, which includes clicks related to ads served on Google sites and the sites of our AdSense partners, increased approximately 7% over the first quarter of 2009 and decreased approximately 4% over the fourth quarter of 2009.

TAC - Traffic Acquisition Costs, the portion of revenues shared with Google’s partners, increased to $1.71 billion in the first quarter of 2010, compared to TAC of $1.44 billion in the first quarter of 2009. TAC as a percentage of advertising revenues was 26% in the first quarter of 2010, compared to 27% in the first quarter of 2009.

The majority of TAC is related to amounts ultimately paid to our AdSense partners, which totaled $1.45 billion in the first quarter of 2010. TAC also includes amounts ultimately paid to certain distribution partners and others who direct traffic to our website, which totaled $265 million in the first quarter of 2010.

Other Cost of Revenues - Other cost of revenues, which is comprised primarily of data center operational expenses, amortization of intangible assets, content acquisition costs as well as credit card processing charges, increased to $741 million, or 11% of revenues, in the first quarter of 2010, compared to $666 million, or 12% of revenues, in the first quarter of 2009.

Operating Expenses - Operating expenses, other than cost of revenues, were $1.84 billion in the first quarter of 2010, or 27% of revenues, compared to $1.52 billion in the first quarter of 2009, or 28% of revenues.

Stock-Based Compensation (SBC) – In the first quarter of 2010, the total charge related to SBC was $291 million, compared to $277 million in the first quarter of 2009.

We currently estimate SBC charges for grants to employees prior to April 1, 2010 to be approximately $1.2 billion for 2010. This estimate does not include expenses to be recognized related to employee stock awards that are granted after March 31, 2010 or non-employee stock awards that have been or may be granted.

Operating Income - GAAP operating income in the first quarter of 2010 was $2.49 billion, or 37% of revenues. This compares to GAAP operating income of $1.88 billion, or 34% of revenues, in the first quarter of 2009. Non-GAAP operating income in the first quarter of 2010 was $2.78 billion, or 41% of revenues. This compares to non-GAAP operating income of $2.16 billion, or 39% of revenues, in the first quarter of 2009.

Interest Income and Other, Net – Interest income and other, net increased to $18 million in the first quarter of 2010, compared to $6 million in the first quarter of 2009.

Income Taxes – Our effective tax rate was 22% for the first quarter of 2010.

Net Income – GAAP net income in the first quarter of 2010 was $1.96 billion, compared to $1.42 billion in the first quarter of 2009. Non-GAAP net income was $2.18 billion in the first quarter of 2010, compared to $1.64 billion in the first quarter of 2009. GAAP EPS in the first quarter of 2010 was $6.06 on 323 million diluted shares outstanding, compared to $4.49 in the first quarter of 2009 on 317 million diluted shares outstanding. Non-GAAP EPS in the first quarter of 2010 was $6.76, compared to $5.16 in the first quarter of 2009.

Cash Flow and Capital Expenditures – Net cash provided by operating activities in the first quarter of 2010 totaled $2.58 billion, compared to $2.25 billion in the first quarter of 2009. In the first quarter of 2010, capital expenditures were $239 million, the majority of which was related to IT infrastructure investments, including data centers, servers, and networking equipment. Free cash flow, an alternative non-GAAP measure of liquidity, is defined as net cash provided by operating activities less capital expenditures. In the first quarter of 2010, free cash flow was $2.35 billion.

We expect to continue to make significant capital expenditures.

A reconciliation of free cash flow to net cash provided by operating activities, the GAAP measure of liquidity, is included at the end of this release.

Cash – As of March 31, 2010, cash, cash equivalents, and short-term marketable securities were $26.5 billion.

On a worldwide basis, Google employed 20,621 full-time employees as of March 31, 2010, up from 19,835 full-time employees as of December 31, 2009.

WEBCAST AND CONFERENCE CALL INFORMATION

A live audio webcast of Google’s first quarter 2010 earnings release call will be available at http://investor.google.com/webcast.html. The call begins today at 1:30 PM (PT) / 4:30 PM (ET). This press release, the financial tables, as well as other supplemental information including the reconciliations of certain non-GAAP measures to their nearest comparable GAAP measures, are also available on that site.

FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This press release contains forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. These statements include statements regarding our plans to heavily invest in innovation, our expected stock-based compensation charges and our plans to make significant capital expenditures. Actual results may differ materially from the results predicted, and reported results should not be considered as an indication of future performance. The potential risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ from the results predicted include, among others, unforeseen changes in our hiring patterns and our need to expend capital to accommodate the growth of the business, as well as those risks and uncertainties included under the captions “Risk Factors” and “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009, which is on file with the SEC and is available on our investor relations website at investor.google.com and on the SEC website at www.sec.gov. Additional information will also be set forth in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2010, which we expect to file with the SEC in May 2010. All information provided in this release and in the attachments is as of April 15, 2010, and Google undertakes no duty to update this information.

ABOUT NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES

To supplement our consolidated financial statements, which statements are prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP, we use the following non-GAAP financial measures: non-GAAP operating income, non-GAAP operating margin, non-GAAP net income, non-GAAP EPS, and free cash flow. The presentation of this financial information is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for, or superior to, the financial information prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP. For more information on these non-GAAP financial measures, please see the tables captioned "Reconciliations of non-GAAP results of operations measures to the nearest comparable GAAP measures" and "Reconciliation from net cash provided by operating activities to free cash flow" included at the end of this release.

We use these non-GAAP financial measures for financial and operational decision making and as a means to evaluate period-to-period comparisons. Our management believes that these non-GAAP financial measures provide meaningful supplemental information regarding our performance and liquidity by excluding certain expenses and expenditures that may not be indicative of our "recurring core business operating results," meaning our operating performance excluding not only non-cash charges, such as stock-based compensation, but also discrete cash charges that are infrequent in nature. We believe that both management and investors benefit from referring to these non-GAAP financial measures in assessing our performance and when planning, forecasting, and analyzing future periods. These non-GAAP financial measures also facilitate management's internal comparisons to our historical performance and liquidity as well as comparisons to our competitors' operating results. We believe these non-GAAP financial measures are useful to investors both because (1) they allow for greater transparency with respect to key metrics used by management in its financial and operational decision making and (2) they are used by our institutional investors and the analyst community to help them analyze the health of our business.

Non-GAAP operating income and operating margin. We define non-GAAP operating income as operating income plus stock-based compensation. Non-GAAP operating margin is defined as non-GAAP operating income divided by revenues. Google considers these non-GAAP financial measures to be useful metrics for management and investors because they exclude the effect of stock-based compensation and one-time events so that Google's management and investors can compare Google's recurring core business operating results over multiple periods. Because of varying available valuation methodologies, subjective assumptions and the variety of award types that companies can use under FASB ASC Topic 718, Google's management believes that providing a non-GAAP financial measure that excludes stock-based compensation allows investors to make meaningful comparisons between Google's recurring core business operating results and those of other companies, as well as providing Google's management with an important tool for financial and operational decision making and for evaluating Google's own recurring core business operating results over different periods of time. There are a number of limitations related to the use of non-GAAP operating income versus operating income calculated in accordance with GAAP. First, non-GAAP operating income excludes some costs, namely, stock-based compensation, that are recurring. Stock-based compensation has been and will continue to be for the foreseeable future a significant recurring expense in Google's business. Second, stock-based compensation is an important part of our employees' compensation and impacts their performance. Third, the components of the costs that we exclude in our calculation of non-GAAP operating income may differ from the components that our peer companies exclude when they report their results of operations. Management compensates for these limitations by providing specific information regarding the GAAP amounts excluded from non-GAAP operating income and evaluating non-GAAP operating income together with operating income calculated in accordance with GAAP.

Non-GAAP net income and EPS. We define non-GAAP net income as net income plus stock-based compensation less the related tax effects. We define non-GAAP EPS as non-GAAP net income divided by the weighted average outstanding shares, on a fully-diluted basis. We consider these non-GAAP financial measures to be a useful metric for management and investors for the same reasons that Google uses non-GAAP operating income and non-GAAP operating margin. However, in order to provide a complete picture of our recurring core business operating results, we exclude from non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS the tax effects associated with stock-based compensation. Without excluding these tax effects, investors would only see the gross effect that excluding these expenses had on our operating results. The same limitations described above regarding Google's use of non-GAAP operating income and non-GAAP operating margin apply to our use of non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS. Management compensates for these limitations by providing specific information regarding the GAAP amounts excluded from non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS and evaluating non-GAAP net income and non-GAAP EPS together with net income and EPS calculated in accordance with GAAP.

Free cash flow. We define free cash flow as net cash provided by operating activities minus capital expenditures. We consider free cash flow to be a liquidity measure that provides useful information to management and investors about the amount of cash generated by the business that, after the acquisition of property and equipment, including information technology infrastructure and land and buildings, can be used for strategic opportunities, including investing in our business, making strategic acquisitions, and strengthening the balance sheet. Analysis of free cash flow also facilitates management's comparisons of our operating results to competitors' operating results. A limitation of using free cash flow versus the GAAP measure of net cash provided by operating activities as a means for evaluating Google is that free cash flow does not represent the total increase or decrease in the cash balance from operations for the period because it excludes cash used for capital expenditures during the period. Our management compensates for this limitation by providing information about our capital expenditures on the face of the cash flow statement and under the caption “Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and Annual Report on Form 10-K. Google has computed free cash flow using the same consistent method from quarter to quarter and year to year.

The accompanying tables have more details on the GAAP financial measures that are most directly comparable to non-GAAP financial measures and the related reconciliations between these financial measures.

Contacts:

Maria Shim
Investor Relations
+1-650-253-7663
Jane Penner
Corporate Communications
+1-650-214-1624

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Google Inc.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In millions)
         
         
    December 31,   March 31,
    2009*   2010
        (unaudited)
Assets        
 Current assets:        
   Cash and cash equivalents    $                  10,198    $                     9,192
   Marketable securities                         14,287                         17,322
   Accounts receivable, net of allowance                           3,178                           3,084
   Deferred income taxes, net                              644                              399
   Income taxes receivable, net                                 23                                  -  
   Prepaid revenue share, expenses and other assets                              837                           1,135
         
   Total current assets                         29,167                         31,132
 Prepaid revenue share, expenses and other assets, non-current                              415                              454
 Deferred income taxes, net, non-current                              263                              446
 Non-marketable equity securities                              129                              154
 Property and equipment, net                           4,845                           4,773
 Intangible assets, net                              775                              790
 Goodwill                           4,903                           5,122
         
   Total assets    $                  40,497    $                  42,871
         
         
Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity        
 Current liabilities:        
   Accounts payable    $                        216    $                        329
   Accrued compensation and benefits                              982                              578
   Accrued expenses and other current liabilities                              570                              576
   Accrued revenue share                              694                              696
   Deferred revenue                              285                              293
   Income taxes payable, net                                  -                                450
         
   Total current liabilities                           2,747                           2,922
         
 Deferred revenue, non-current                                 42                                 36
 Income taxes payable, net, non-current                           1,392                           1,300
 Other long-term liabilities                              312                              330
         
 Stockholders' equity:        
   Common stock and additional paid-in capital                         15,817                         16,171
   Accumulated other comprehensive income                              105                              163
   Retained earnings                         20,082                         21,949
         
   Total stockholders' equity                         36,004                         38,283
         
 Total liabilities and stockholders' equity    $                  40,497    $                  42,871

* Derived from audited financial statements.

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Google Inc.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(In millions, except share amounts which are reflected in thousands and per share amounts)
         
         
  Three Months Ended  
  March 31,  
  2009   2010  
  (unaudited)  
Revenues  $               5,509    $               6,775  
         
Costs and expenses:        
   Cost of revenues (including stock-based compensation expense of $13, $6)                   2,102                     2,452  
   Research and development (including stock-based compensation expense of $168, $191)                       642                         818  
   Sales and marketing (including stock-based compensation expense of $59, $54)                       434                         607  
   General and administrative (including stock-based compensation expense of $37, $40)                       447                         410  
Total costs and expenses                   3,625                     4,287  
         
Income from operations                   1,884                     2,488  
Interest income and other, net                           6                           18  
         
Income before income taxes                   1,890                     2,506  
Provision for income taxes                       467                         551  
         
Net income  $               1,423    $               1,955  
         
Net income per share - basic  $                 4.51    $                 6.15  
Net income per share - diluted  $                 4.49    $                 6.06  
         
Shares used in per share calculation - basic               315,252                 317,895  
Shares used in per share calculation - diluted               317,221                 322,608  

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Google Inc.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In millions)
 
         
  Three Months Ended  
  March 31,  
  2009   2010  
  (unaudited)  
Operating activities        
Net income  $                    1,423    $                  1,955  
Adjustments:        
   Depreciation and amortization of property and equipment                            321                           264  
   Amortization of intangible and other assets                              82                              67  
   Stock-based compensation expense                            277                           291  
   Excess tax benefits from stock-based award activities                            (32)                            (12)  
   Deferred income taxes                            (13)                            (13)  
   Other                            (21)                                2  
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects of acquisitions:        
         Accounts receivable                              97                              46  
         Income taxes, net                            325                           381  
         Prepaid revenue share, expenses and other assets                              78                          (157)  
         Accounts payable                              22                           120  
         Accrued expenses and other liabilities                          (322)                          (394)  
         Accrued revenue share                                4                              23  
         Deferred revenue                                9                              11  
         
Net cash provided by operating activities                        2,250                        2,584  
         
Investing activities        
Purchases of property and equipment                          (263)                          (239)  
Purchases of marketable securities                       (5,245)                    (12,487)  
Maturities and sales of marketable securities                        5,110                        9,495  
Investments in non-marketable equity securities                            (19)                              (3)  
Acquisitions, net of cash acquired, and purchases of intangible and other assets                               (2)                          (190)  
         
Net cash used in investing activities                          (419)                      (3,424)  
         
Financing activities        
Net payments related to stock-based award activities                            (37)                            (38)  
Excess tax benefits from stock-based award activities                              32                              12  
Repurchase of common stock                               -                              (97)  
         
Net cash used in financing activities                               (5)                          (123)  
         
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents                            (57)                            (43)  
         
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents                        1,769                      (1,006)  
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period                        8,657                      10,198  
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period  $                  10,426    $                  9,192  

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Reconciliations of non-GAAP results of operations measures to the nearest comparable GAAP measures

The following table presents certain non-GAAP results before certain material items (in millions, except share amounts which are reflected in thousands and per share amounts, unaudited):

Three Months Ended March 31, 2009 Three Months Ended March 31, 2010
  GAAP Actual   Operating Margin (a)   Adjustments Non-GAAP Results Non-GAAP Operating Margin (b)   GAAP Actual   Operating Margin (a)   Adjustments Non-GAAP Results Non-GAAP Operating Margin (b)
               
           $            277  (c)               $               291  (d)   
                           
                               
Income from operations  $              1,884   34.2%    $             277    $         2,161   39.2%    $          2,488   36.7%    $                291    $             2,779   41.0%
                                       
           $            277  (c)                   $                291  (d)       
                          (64)  (e)                                     (65)  (e)       
                                       
Net income  $              1,423        $             213    $         1,636        $          1,955        $               226    $             2,181    
                                       
Net income per
share - diluted
 $                4.49            $           5.16        $            6.06            $                6.76    
Shares used in per share
calculation - diluted
             317,221                   317,221                322,608                        322,608    

(a) Operating margin is defined as income from operations divided by revenues.
(b) Non-GAAP operating margin is defined as non-GAAP income from operations divided by revenues.
(c) To eliminate $277 million of stock-based compensation expense recorded in the first quarter of 2009.
(d) To eliminate $291 million of stock-based compensation expense recorded in the first quarter of 2010.
(e) To eliminate income tax effects related to expenses noted in (c) and (d).

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Reconciliation from net cash provided by operating activities to free cash flow (in millions, unaudited):

Three Months Ended
March 31, 2010
Net cash provided by operating activities  $                         2,584
    Less purchases of property and equipment                               (239)
Free cash flow  $                         2,345
   
Net cash used in investing activities*  $                        (3,424)
   
Net cash used in financing activities  $                           (123)

*includes purchases of property and equipment.

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The following table presents our revenues by revenue source (in millions, unaudited):

Three Months Ended
  March 31,
  2009   2010
Advertising revenues:      
     Google web sites  $          3,693    $          4,439
     Google Network web sites              1,638                2,036
Total advertising revenues              5,331                6,475
Other revenues                 178                   300
Revenues  $          5,509    $          6,775

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The following table presents our revenues, by revenue source, as a percentage of total revenues (unaudited):

Three Months Ended
  March 31,
  2009   2010
Advertising revenues:      
     Google web sites 67%   66%
     Google Network web sites 30%   30%
Total advertising revenues 97%   96%
Other revenues 3%   4%
Revenues 100%   100%

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